The Creativity of Culture and the Culture of Creativity Research: The Promise of Integrative Transdiciplinarity - Alfonso Montouri and Gabrielle Donnelly

Social and cultural changes brought about by the digital revolution have led to changes in the discourse and practices of creativity, such as an increasing focus on collaborative and everyday creativity. These developments may reflect the deeper changes of a shift from modernity to a new networked era, whose outlines and implications are not yet clear. We argue that in order to contextualize, understand, and articulate, the relationship between social and cultural changes, and the interconectedness between technological, cultural, economic, and social as well as psychological factors, researchers cannot be limited to the perspective of a single discipline. A transdisciplinary approach, rooted in the epistemology of complexity, can be used to address the challenge of integrating material from diverse sources and multiple dimensions, from the cognitive to the social. Trandisciplinary scholarship of integration is viewed as complementary to more specialized, disciplinary research.

Transdisciplinarity: Challenges, Approaches and Opportunities at the Cusp of History


Until relatively recently science, engineering, art and design each had their own history. Increasingly they are becoming to be understood as components in the broad sweep of the production of knowledge for the good of humankind and the supporting environment. The most convincing evidence of this is in the shift in concern for the immediate and medium-term to the long-term sustainability of the earth as a nurturing environment e.g. approaches to climate change, water resources, holistic science, the socio-political and economic, as a global problem. The recognition of the interrelation and interdependence of hitherto discrete histories as important calls for new modes of interaction that are more than opportunist, convenient or problem-driven. This calls for more strategic approaches to transdisciplinarity as the organizing principle for research collaboration.


The Hidden Third and The Multiple Splendour of Being - Basarab Nicolescu


There is a big spiritual poverty present on our Earth. It manifests as fear, violence, hate and dogmatism. In a world with more than 8000 academic disciplines, more than 10000 religions and religious movements and more than 6000 tongues, it is difficult to dream about mutual understanding and peace. There is an obvious need for a new spirituality, conciliating technoscience and wisdom.

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What is progress in transdisciplinary research? Christian Pohl

In disciplinary research progress is reached and assessed by referring to the state of research in a specific field. But what is progress in transdisciplinary research, where several disciplines and further societal actors may be involved? Based on the conception of transdisciplinary research as a collaboration of academic as well as non-academic thought-styles, and based on the understanding of transdisciplinary research as research that develops a comprehensive, multi-perspective, common-good oriented and useful approach to a socially relevant issue, the question of progress is discussed for four view- points: (a) the people concerned about the issue are much less interested in the question of progress in transdisciplinary research than in a better handling of the real world problem; (b) members of a disciplinary, business, governmental or civil society’s thought-style, who gain a more comprehensive understanding of an issue through the transdisciplinary research process, are more interested in further elaborating the issue within their thought- style, than in general lessons on progress; (c) progress on the level of personal experience mainly means that members of academic or non-academic thought-styles realize that they are a member of a specific thought-style among others. Progress would be made by integrating this experience in general education and special training; (d) finally a lot of general lessons can be learned and elaborated as tools, cases studies and approaches form the perspective of a thought-style interested in how to understand and manage transdisciplinary research.

Rhizope - Piibe Piirma

Rhizope Catalogue

Piibe Piirma

Hybrid Practices - Art and Science in Artistic Research

Piibe Piirma’s PhD dissertation “Hybrid Practices. Art And Science in Artistic Research” is an art-based research, that is focusing on her artistic experience by collaborating different Science labs in Estonia and explores hybrid art and theories of interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary art forms, bioart and citizen science.

Piirma’s dissertation is mainly based on her personal new media art practice and curatorial work (2012–2015). Her theoretical study deals with a variety of hybrid art forms, art&science collaborations of Estonian and internationally known artists, and inter- and transdisciplinary studies of in general. Piibe Piirma’s art-based research consists the analyses of her solo exhibitions “Hybrid Practices”, “Hybrid Practice – from General to Specific” and curatorial work of the international exhibition “Rhizope” and related conference “Art and Science – Hybrid Art and Interdisciplinary Research” (EAA 2014).

The objective of Piibe Piirma’s dissertation is to utilise theoretical and practical approaches to seek answers to questions pertaining to co-functioning of different disciplines (art and science). The term is used in this dissertation for artwork in which the two of them, art and science, meet is “hybrid art”. Although new and exciting directions far exceed the established genre definitions and evaluation criteria permit, she holds that the phrase “hybrid art” is the best characterisation of artwork that transcends the boundaries of different and at ostensibly incompatible disciplines. How science impacts art or vice versa becomes clearer through practical examples of art and collective initiatives, which are described in the various chapters and sections of this dissertation.